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ASTM B111 / ASME SB111 / Copper and Copper Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes supplier & distributor in India

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COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES AND FERRULE

1. Scope 


1.1 This specification covers seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys up 31/8 in, inclusive, in dimeter, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. tubes for this application are normally made from the following coppers or copper alloys:



Copper or Copper Alloy Previousoy Use Type of Metal
UNS No Designaation
C10200 OF Oxygen-free without residual deoxidants
C12000 DLP Phosphorixed, low residual phosphorus
C12200 DHP Phosphorized, high residual phosphorus
C14200 DPA Phophorized, arsenical
C19200 - Phophorized, 1% iron
C23000 - Red brass
C28000 - Muntz Metal
C44300 - Admiralty Metals,B,C,and D
C44400 - -
C44500 - -
C60800 - Aluminum Bronze
C68700 - Aluminum Brass, B
C70400 - 95-5 Copper-Nikel
C70600 - 90-10 Copper-Nikel
C71000 - 80-20 Copper-Nikel
C71500 - 70-30 Copper-Nikel
C71640 - Copper-Nikel-iron-Manganese
C72200 - -



1.2 Warning - Mercury is a definite health hazard in use and disposal (See 12.1.)
 

Copper Alloy UNS No. Copper Plus Named Elements % min.
C60800 99.5
C70400 99.5
C70600 99.5
C71000 99.5
C71500 99.5
C71640 99.5
C72200 99.8


For copper alloys in which zinic is specified as the remainder. either copper or zinc may be taken as the difference

between the sum of all the elements analyzed and 100% 



TABLE 1 CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS

Composition, %
Copper or Copper Alloy UNS No. CopperA Tin Aluminum Nickel, incl Cobalt Lead, max Iron Zinc Managnese Arsenic Antimony Phosphorus Chro
mium
Other Named Elements
C10200 99.95 min - - - - - - - - - - - -
C12000 99.90 min - - - - - - - - - 0.004-0.012 - -
C12200 99.9 min - - - - - - - - - 0.015-0.040 - -
C14200 99.40 min - - - - - - - 0.15-0.50 - 0.015-0.040 - -
C19200 98.7 min - - - - 0.8-1.2 - - 0.15-0.50 - 0.01-0.04 - -
C23000 84.0-86.0 - - - 0.05 0.05 max remalnder - - - - - -
C28000 59.0-63.0 - - - 0.30 0.07 max remainder - - - - - -
C44300 70.0-73.0 0.9-1.2 - - 0.07 0.06 max remainder - 0.02-0.06 - - - -
C44400 70.0-73.0 0.9-1.2 - - 0.07 0.06 max remainder - - 0.02-0.10 - - -
C44500 70.0-73.0 0.9-1.2 - - 0.07 0.06 max remainder - - - 0.02-0.10 - -
C60800 remainder - 5.0-6.5 - 0.10 0.10 max - - 0.02-0.35 - - - -
C68700 76.0-79.0 - 1.8-2.5 - 0.07 0.06 max remainder - 0.02-0.10 - - - -
C70400 remainder - 4.8-6.2 0.05 1.3-1.7 1.0max 0.30-0.8 - - - - -
C70600 remainder - 9.0-11.0 0.05B 1.0-1.8 1.0maxB 1.0max - - B - B
C71000 remainder - 19.0-23.0 0.05B 0.50-1.0 1.0maxB 1.0max - - B - B
C71500 remainder - 29.0-33.0 0.05B 0.40-1.0 1.0maxB 1.0max - - B - B
C71640 remainder - 29.0-32.0 0.05B 1.7-2.3 1.0maxB 1.5-2.5 - - B - B
C72200 remainder - 15.0-18.0 0.05B 0.50-1.0 1.0maxB 1.0max - - B 0.30
-0.70
B



A Copper (including silver),
B When the product is for subsequent welding applications, and so specified by the purchaser, zinc shall be 0.50% max,
lead 0.02% max, phosphorus 0.02% max, sulfur 0.02% max, and carbon 0.05% max.
When all the elements in Table 1 are analyzed, their sum shall be as shown in the following table.


Copper Alloy UNS No. Copper Plus Named Elements.% min
C23000 99.8
C28000 99.7
C44300 99.6
C44400 99.6
C44500 99.6
C68700 99.5




  TABLE 2 TENSILE REQUIREMENTS


Copper or Copper Alloy UNS No. Temper Designation Tensile Strength min ksiA Yield strengthB min ksiA Elongation in 2 in, min%
Standard Former
C10200, C12000, C12200, C14200 H55 light-drawn 36 30 ...
C10200, C12000, C12200, C14200 H80 hard-drawn 45 40 ...
C19200 061 annealed 38 12 ...
C23000 061 annealed 40 12 ...
C28000 061 annealed 50 20 ...
C44300, C44400, C44500 061 annealed 45 15 ...
C60800 061 annealed 50 19 ...
C68700 061 annealed 50 18 ...
C70400 061 annealed 38 12 ...
C70400 H55 light-drawn 40 30 ...
C70600 061 annealed 40 15 ...
C70600 H55 light-drawn 45 35 ...
C71000 061 annealed 45 16 ...
C71500 061 annealed 52 18 ...
C71500 - - - - -
Wall thicknesses up to 0.048 in, incl HR50 drawn, stress-relieved 72 50 12
Wall thicknesses over 0.048 in. HR50 drawn, stress-relieved 72 50 15
C71640 061 annealed 63 25 ...
C71640 HR50 drawn, stress relieved 81 58 ...
C72200 061 annealed 45 16 ...
C72200 H55 light-drawn 50 30 ...




TABLE 3 EXPANSION REQUIREMENTS

Temper Designatio Copper or Copper Alloy UNS No. Expansion of Tbue Outside Diameter, in Percent of Original Outside Diameter
Standard Former
061











annealed











C19200 30
C23000 20
C28000 15
C44300,C44400,C44500 20
C60800 20
C68700 20
C70400 30
C70600 30
C71000 30
C71500 30
C71640 30
C72200 30
H55



light-drawn



C10200,C12000,C12200 20
C14200 20
C70400 20
C70600 20
C72200 20
HR50
drawn,stress relieved C71500 20
hard-drawn, end annealed C10200,C12000,C14200 30




  TABLE 4 NOTCH DEPTH

Tube Wall Thickness, in. Tube Outside Diameter, in.
Over ¼to ¾, incl Over ¾ to 1 ¼, incl Over 1¼ to 3?, incl.
Over 0.017-0.032 0.005 0.006 0.007
0.032-0.049, incl 0.006 0.006 0.0075
0.049-0.083, incl 0.007 0.0075 0.008
0.083-0.109, incl 0.0075 0.0085 0.0095
0.109-0.120, incl 0.009 0.009 0.011




TABLE 5 DIAMETER OF DRILLED HOLES


Tube Outside Diameter, in. Diameter of Drilled Holes, in. Drill No.
¼-¾, incl 0.025 72
Over ¾-1, incl 0.031 68
Over 1-1¼, incl 0.036 64
Over 1¼-1½, incl 0.042 58
Over 1½-1¾, incl .0046 56
Over 1¾-2, incl 0.052 55



Hydrostatic Test - Each tube shall stand, without showing evidence of leakage, an internal hydrostatic pressure 
sufficient to subject the material to a fiber stress of 7000 psi, determined by the following equation for thin hollow 
cylinders under tension. The tube need not be tested at a hudrostatic pressure of over 1000psi unless so specified.

P = 2St/(D-0.8t) where:
P = hydrostatic pressure, psig.
t = thickness of tube wall, in.
D = outside diameter of the tube. in., and
S = allowable stress of the material, psi. 


TABLE 6 DIAMETER TOLERANCES

Outside Diameter, in Wall Thickness, in.
0.020A
0.022
0.025
0.028
0.032 0.035 0.042 0.049 and Over
Diameter Tolerance, Plus and Minus, in.
Up to 0.500, incl 0.003 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025
Over 0.500-0.740, incl 0.0040 0.004 0.004 0.0035 0.003
Over 0.500-7.40, incl 0.0060 0.006 0.005 0.0045 0.004
Over 0.740-1.000, incl ... 0.009 0.008 0.006 0.045
Over 1.250-1.375, incl ... ... ... 0.008 0.005
Over 1.375-2.000, incl ... ... ... ... 0.006


A Tolerances in this column are applicable to light drawn and drawn tempers only. 
Tolerances for annealed tempers shall be as agreed upon between the manufacturer and the purchaser.   



TABLE 7 WALL THICKNESS TOLERANCES, PLUS AND MINUS IN.

Wall Thicness, in. Outside Diameter, in.
Over ? to ?, incl Over ? to 1, incl Over 1 to 2, incl
0.020, incl to 0.032 0.003 0.003 ...
0.032, incl to 0.035 0.003 0.003 0.004
0.035, incl to 0.058 0.004 0.0045 0.0045
0.058, incl to 0.083 0.0045 0.005 0.005
0.083, incl to 0.120 0.005 0.0065 0.0065
0.120, incl to 0.134 0.007 0.007 0.0075




TABLE 8 LENGTH TOLERANCES

Specified Length, ft Tolerance, all Plus, in.
Up to 15 3/32
Over 15-20, incl 1/8
Over 20-30, incl 5/32
Over 30-60, incl 3/8
Over 60-100, inclA 1/2



A Condenser tubes in lengths over 100 ft are not in present demand. Tolerance values for the lengths will be developed 
as experience dictates. Tolerance values for lengths in wall thicknesses of 0.020, incl. to 0.032 shall be as agreed upon 
between the manufacturer or supplier and the purchaser.

Tube. Outside Diameter, in Tolerance
Up to ?, incl 0.010 in.
Over ? 0.016 in./in. of diameter




The properties and chemical compositions enumerated in this specification shall, in case of disagreement, 
be determined in accordance with the following ASTM methods:

Test ASTM Designation
Chemical analysis B 170A,E53,E54,E62,E75,E478
Grainsize E112
Expansion (pin test) B153
Mercurous nitrate B154
Tension E8
Nondestructive test E243



A Reference to Specification B170 is to the suggested chemical methods in the annex thereof.
When E-1 Committee has tested and published methods for assaying the low-level impurties in copper. 
the Specification B 170 annex will be eliminated.   

APPENDIXES
 (Nonmadatory Information)

X1. DENSITY OF COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS 

X1.1 The densities of the alloys covered by this specification are given in Table X1.1. 

TABLE X1.1 DENSITIES

Copper or Copper Alloy UNS No. Density, lb.in.3
C10100,C10200,C10300,C10800,C12000,C12200,C14200 0.323
C19200 0.320
C23000 0.316
C28000 0.303
C44300,C44400,C44500 0.308
C60800 0.295
C61300,C61400 0.285
C68700 0.301
C70400 0.323
C70600 0.323
C71000 0.323
C71500 0.323
C71640 0.323
C72200 0.323




Material Comparison Tables (ASTM →KS, JIS, DIN, BS, NBN, NF, UNI) 

ASTMSTANDARD UNS NO. KOREA/JAPANES GERMAN BRITISH ISO
KS/JIS Symbol KS/JIS Numbe DIN Type DIN Number Materiral Number B.S Number B.S Grade Remarks ISO Type ISO Number
B 111 Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tube and Ferrule Stock                      
C44300 C44300 C4430T/C4430T D5301/H3300 CuZn28Sn 1785   2871 CZ111   CuZn28Sn1 R1337
C68700 C68700 C6870T/C6870T D5301/H3300 CuZN20Al 1785   2871 CZ110   CuZn20Al2 426-I
C70600 C70600 C7060T/C7060T D5301/H3300 CuNi10Fe1Mn 17664   2871 CN102   CuNi10Fe1Mn 429
C71000 C71000 C7100T/C7100T D5301/H3300                
C71500 C71500 C7150T/C7150T D5301/H3300 CuNi30Mn1Fe 17664   2871 CN107   CuNi30Mn1Fe  
C71640 C71640 C7164T/C7164T D5301/H3300 CuNi30Fe2Mn2 17664   2871 CN108   CuNi30FeMn2  

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